esg logo

Epigraphic Roman Monument


The Lapidarium is a part of the Archeo-ethno Park in Ravna with Roman stone monuments found during the archaeological excavation of Timacum Minus fortifications, and also the Ethno Park that reconstructs village household from the late XIX and XX centuries, in order to present and cherish the traditional architecture.

The Lapidarium, which is to the right of the entrance into the park, presents Roman tombstones and altars. They were found during the archaeological excavations of a Roman fort. One part of the monument was taken from the walls and towers of the fortress. The tombstones from the older Roman necropolis were used as makeshift building materials - spolia for reinforcement of walls and towers. The Roman monuments which are exhibited in the Lapidarium represent valuable source of information about the time and the people that used to live in ancient times in these areas. Monuments are composed of gables, the inscription field, relief fields, skirting and shank. These tombstones are decorated with floral motifs. Frequently there is a vine motif, symbolizing the eternal renewal. The inscription field contains basic information about the deceased; his name, what he did in life and when he died. In the field of relief there are usually an image of the deceased or the deceased with family members.



There is also an altar in the Lapidarium from the second century which was dedicated to the goddess Diana. The altar confirms respect of the cult of the goddess Diana in the area of the lowland fortifications. This goddess was the patroness of silver mines and its role fits into the picture of life in the fort, whose economic basis was mining and metallurgy. The goddess Diana was the daughter of the supreme god Jupiter. Diana was identified as the Greek goddess Artemis. She was respected as a protector of women, in some of her temples only women had access. Diana is usually presented in a short tunic, with a bow and arrow. In addition to the altar which is dedicated to the goddess Diana there was an altar dedicated to the god Mars and the altar. Mars, despite the fact that he was the god of war also protected the rural population which prayed to him as the protector of fertile fields. He promoted fertility possession and protected them from the elements.Lapidarium and the well